The revolt of was a small, armed uprising in support of a Borneo Federation consisting of Brunei, Sarawak and North Borneo. It opposed the Malaysian Federation, which was seen as a buttress of British and Western imperial interest. In a period of great tension between the West and the Communist world, China viewed the rebellion as a national liberation war and it was quickly suppressed by the British Emergency Force.
Rebellion in Brunei
Continue on UK site. Of the leaders, Azahari was in the Philippines and Yassin Affendi was with the fugitives. The road route to Seria was judged too vulnerable to ambush and there were no naval resources for a move by sea. However, there appeared to be a potential landing site for light aircraft west of Seria and east of the town — the runway at Anduki Airfield had been cleared by a small group of western civilians who had managed to escape the rebels.
Anduki airfield was quickly recaptured. However, the main Seria police station, with 48 hostages, most Shell expatriates, was not secured until the 12th. Anduki Airfield is today a grass airstrip with a concrete ramp used almost exclusively by Brunei Shell Petroleum aircraft and helicopters servicing Brunei's extensive offshore petroleum production installations. The Sultan of Brunei and members of the Royal Family sometimes use it in their helicopters when they wish to visit Seria, especially on State occasions.
Regarded as strategically important because of its proximity to the oil town of Seria, its history in the Brunei Revolt and the paucity of other Brunei airstrips usable by fixed-wing military aircraft, Anduki and the adjacent highway to Bandar Seri Begawan is one of the first areas to be secured by Gurkha and Brunei Army troops when they deploy on contemporary war exercises.
On 8 December , from two till five in the morning, shots could be heard near police stations all over Brunei. According to news received from Temburong , the District Officer Pengiran Haji Besar bin Pengiran Haji Kula and a few others from Brunei security forces and a number of civilians were executed for refusing to join in the rebellion. News came that a number of civil servants at Pekan Besar had managed to escape capture. Around an hour later at downtown, the Deputy Chief Minister was granted an audience by the Sultan.
In Limbang, rebels attacked the local police station, killing five local policemen. The rebels then obtained the surrender of British official R. Morris, his wife, four other Europeans and an American Peace Corps worker, and took the remaining police officers hostage. On the first night of their captivity, they were crowded into the police cells, the second night they were moved to the local hospital where they overheard the rebels planning their hangings the following day.
The landing craft had manually operated ramps which took too long to lower and the senior officer took the decision that the Marines would vault over the sides or over the ramps under covering fire from Vickers machine guns mounted on the bridges. One landing craft's bridge was raked with Bren gun fire, disabling the crew, and the craft rammed into the river bank and quay. The only map they had was 10 years old at the time. The attackers started their search for the hostages who, on hearing shots, began singing the American song " She'll Be Coming 'Round the Mountain ", allowing the first rescue party to quickly locate them.
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The first rescue party was attacked and two of the three Marines were killed. A second rescue party fought off the rebels from around the hospital and freed the hostages.
Harun Abdul Majid (Author of Rebellion in Brunei)
About rebels, who had little if any military training and a paltry assortment of weapons about a dozen Bren guns and Lee—Enfield rifles , but mainly shotguns, muskets and daggers , tried to resist, but were beaten back. Five Marines were killed and eight wounded in the attack.
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British sources do not list rebel losses in this incident, but Clodfelter estimates losses in the Brunei Rebellion as 40 rebels and six Marines. There is a memorial to all the dead in Limbang.
The 1962 Revolt, Imperialism, Confrontation and Oil
The leader of the Limbang rebels was caught and tried and received an eleven-year prison sentence. He lives on the outskirts of Limbang. On 14 December, most of the unit reinforced the artillery battery sent there as infantry on 12 December to pre-empt trouble from the Chinese of the Clandestine Communist Organisation CCO who were openly sympathetic to the Brunei rebels. The last company of 40 Commando landed near Seria. Albion also provided helicopters from the embarked Naval Air Commando squadrons. The RAF had medium and short range transport aircraft. Mopping up operations, by this time including a commando artillery battery with their guns, continued until May They flushed a party of rebels towards an ambush.
Ten rebels were killed or captured. However, on 12 April, the police station at Tebedu in the 1st Division of Sarawak was attacked and captured. The attackers had come from Kalimantan. This marked the beginning of Confrontation. The rebellion also played a role in the Sultan of Brunei's subsequent decision for Brunei to not join the Federation of Malaysia. The following units, or significant elements of them, deployed to Borneo in response to the rebellion before May From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page.
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Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. August Date 8—17 December Location Brunei. Azahari Yassin Affandi Sukarno. Indonesia—Malaysia confrontation. Part of a series on the. House of Bolkiah 15th century — present. British Military Administration. Main article: Limbang raid. Jackson, Robert Pocock, Tom London: Collins. Paul, James; Spirit, Martin Archived from the original on 4 February Retrieved 1 August Retrieved 8 December Fowler, Will Oxford: Osprey Publishing Limited.
Borneo Cities and towns Rivers Wildlife. Dollar currency Companies Telecommunications Tourism Transport. Anthem Emblem Flag. Outline Index.
Date 8—17 December